Uber Freight makes official entrance into trucking market

While it has been anticipated for a while, ubiquitous ride-sharing service Uber said this week it has officially entered the freight transportation arena, specifically truckload brokerage, with the introduction of Uber Freight.

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While it has been anticipated for a while, ubiquitous ride-sharing service Uber said this week it has officially entered the freight transportation arena, specifically truckload brokerage, with the introduction of Uber Freight.

In a blog posting, Eric Berdinis, Uber Freight product manager, wrote that Uber Freight is an app that matches trucking companies with loads to haul, explaining that it takes the guesswork out of finding and booking freight, which is often the most stressful part of a driver’s day.

“What used to take several hours and multiple phone calls can now be achieved with the touch of a button,” he explained, adding “Uber Freight aims to empower truck drivers and small truck companies to run and grow their business.

As for how the Uber Freight app works, Berdinis’s blog said that vetted users download the app, search for a load, and tap to book it, which is followed by a rate confirmation within seconds that eliminates a common anxiety in trucking about whether or not a load is really confirmed.

What’s more, he said that rather than the common practice of a trucker waiting 30 days or more to get paid, Uber Freight is “committed to paying within a few days, fee-free, for every single load,” and “[w]hen things don’t go as planned or drivers have to wait longer than expected, we pay for that, too,” with accessorial rates published on the Uber Freight blog and website.

Uber has had its sights on the truckload brokerage market for a while now, with a September 2016 Reuters report noting it was keen on becoming a freight hauler (through its acquisition of Otto, a self-driving truck startup for $680 million in August 2016) and a technology partner for trucking. The report added that Uber has pitching its services to shippers, truck fleets, and independent drivers, not just to outfit trucks with self-driving technology but also to be a player in the highly competitive $700 billion truckload brokerage arena, too, which is replete with major players such as C.H. Robinson Worldwide, XPO Logistics, Echo Global Logistics, and many other players.

In an interview with LM, Uber’s Berdinis said that the company has been testing its freight platform over the last several months.

“We firmly believe we can make a significant impact in the future of trucking with a new way of booking freight and a new way of connecting small fleets and owner-operators with the large tail of capacity out there in the market to the community of shippers that don’t traditionally have the resources to go out and find capacity,” he said. “Small fleets, with ten trucks or less, make up 90 percent of the registered motor carriers in the country, but, of course, a large Fortune 500 or mid-market company would not be contracting with these small fleets.

By building an app, Berdinis contends Uber believes it can finally reach into that carrier pool and be welcoming and provide trust to the small fleets, with those fleets bringing the same level or higher service to shippers.

Prior to this week’s launch, Uber has been doing a pilot program with a handful of U.S.-based shippers, ranging from small ones to Fortune 500 companies, as well as a number of small carriers, many of which are Texas-based in the triangle between Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio. Uber is also handling freight moves in California, the Midwest, and other part of the country, too. Uber Freight’s current offices are in San Francisco and Chicago.

As for how Uber Freight plans to differentiate itself in a crowded truckload brokerage market, Berdinis said that it will focus on the driver and a small fleet, noting that owner-operators may be viewed as a dying breed these days, due to the challenges in finding consistent freight, which relies on relationships that keeps trucks running and business profitable.

“By bringing these driver- and carrier-focused efforts together with our platform, we think we can build these small businesses and keep that capacity growing and thriving,” said Berdinis.

Addressing pricing, which Berdinis said has long been one of Uber’s strongest suits, as evidenced by its surge pricing model for its ridesharing business, he said the same leadership team that built that pricing model, led by Kevin Novak, is now focused solely on freight opportunities.

“We think we have a really strong vision in how we price our loads in the market,” said Berdinis.

Uber Freight’s initial focus is on the two most common freight types in the U.S., dry van and refrigerated (reefer), which offers a lot of space to route and optimize movements of these small fleets using the app, as well as provide ways to visualize and guarantee the highest levels of on-time performance for its shippers, he added.  And going into this space and doubling down on small fleets and creating a top quality service to its shipper base offers up plenty of room for growth.

Looking ahead, he said there are other freight opportunities it will vet in the future, like flatbed, LTL, and bulk, but at the moment Uber Freight will continue to focus on building out capacity with its dry van and reefer program.

When asked how many carriers are registered for the Uber Freight app, Berdinis declined to disclose a specific number, but he said that since putting up its splash page late last year the amount of inbound from both shippers and carriers “has been pretty overwhelming to the point where we had to scale up operations and open up our Chicago office in order to handle demand with plans to continue that pace at an extremely high trajectory,” which has led Uber to ramp up its carrier and shipper bases.

While Uber Freight has only recently made its official entrance into the market, a 2016 report from supply chain consultancy Armstrong and Associates, which was based on feedback from 27 companies providing Uber for Trucking services, or “Digital Freight Matching” (DFM), which Armstrong said reflects these types of services far more accurately was pretty telling.

“One of the key components of Uber’s model is the commodity-like nature of the ride-hailing service,” Armstrong said.  “The principle behind Digital Freight Matching may be simple, but the trucking industry is not. Domestic transportation is not a simple commodity. Complexities arise in the form of specialized equipment types, shipments transported via multiple modes, and necessary exception handling for service issues such as equipment breakdowns. Shipments are high-value and time sensitive. Placing an Uber-like app atop a complex industry doesn’t truly address the problem. Shippers and Carriers alike will be disappointed if this is the extent of the ‘solution.’”

About the Author

Jeff Berman, Group News Editor
Jeff Berman is Group News Editor for Logistics Management, Modern Materials Handling, and Supply Chain Management Review. Jeff works and lives in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, where he covers all aspects of the supply chain, logistics, freight transportation, and materials handling sectors on a daily basis. Contact Jeff Berman

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